Abuse of drugs or alcohol has repercussions in every area of one’s life. It can alter your outward appearance, slow your metabolism, impair organ function, and worsen your mental health. Eating well and getting plenty of rest can help your brain and body return to peak performance after an illness or injury. The importance of nutrition in drug rehab is huge. It plays a major role in your recovery process. Today we’re here to talk about how you can change your diet and improve your chances of full recovery.
How can substance abuse disrupt your diet?
It’s likely that someone who is deeply mired in active addiction will neglect their diet and nutrition in favor of their drug of choice. We see it far too often at luxury rehab Florida. You probably spent more time and effort worrying about obtaining, consuming, and then recovering from the effects of drugs or alcohol than you did focusing on living a healthy lifestyle and preparing healthy meals.
Substance abuse can disrupt your diet in a number of ways. Addiction can have far-reaching consequences for one’s diet and eating habits. Among the most common forms of self-destructive behavior related to food among addicts are:
- Loss of appetite: This is another common side effect of many drugs.
- Poor eating habits: Drunk people are more likely to eat a diet high in fast food and sugary snacks. Some people even give in to bingeing. Some people experience extreme hunger when intoxicated or coming down from a high, leading them to overeat to the point of discomfort.
- Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can occur when the body does not receive enough food and drink.
- Organ damage: Injuries to the organs that aid in digestion and elimination of waste products are common side effects of many medications.
- Gastrointestinal disorders: Alcohol and other drugs can cause long-term damage to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, reducing the body’s ability to absorb nutrients from the food you eat.
Nutrition and Alcohol
Alcohol abusers often neglect their health by not eating properly. Formerly healthy people often neglect their diets as they become preoccupied with locating and consuming alcohol. This compounds the issue because even if someone eats healthily and gets all the nutrients they need, alcohol prevents them from being fully absorbed. The pancreas and the liver are two digestive organs that are severely harmed by alcoholism. Digestion of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates all rely on enzymes produced by the pancreas. Blood sugar regulation hormones are also produced there. Heavy drinking impairs liver function, which prevents it from properly detoxifying the blood and preventing further damage to the digestive system from the alcohol.
Extensive research has established that alcohol abuse leads to devastating deficiencies in these vital nutrients:
- Vitamin B9
- Thiamine, or vitamin B1
Anemia, which can result from a deficiency in these nutrients, manifests with symptoms including chills, fatigue, and frequent dizziness. They may also have trouble breathing and suffer from frequent headaches. A lack of thiamine is particularly dangerous because it raises the risk of neurological disorders like Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome. If your loved one is struggling with alcohol addiction, you should encourage them to go into alcohol rehab Florida to avoid these problems.
Nutrition and Opioids
Opioid abuse is associated with the onset of anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders. Overproduction of dopamine and the tension between eating and drug use can lead to a variety of abnormal eating behaviors. All of these things:
- Skipping meals or eating less than twice a day
- Avoiding eating to extend the high from an opioid
- Forgetting to eat
- Not getting enough of the good stuff in your diet
If you disregard the importance of nutrition in drug rehab, opioid-induced constipation is another problem that can worsen over time. Pain during meals and a general lack of appetite often accompany a deteriorating health condition. The only way to get your diet back on track after opioids have taken over is to stop abusing them and start eating more fiber. You will most likely need some assistance from the oxycodone rehab center or another institution.
Nutrition and Stimulants
Stimulants, which also make users feel energized and “invincible,” reduce their hunger by making them believe they aren’t hungry. Many people who abuse stimulants will go on prolonged periods without taking in enough calories by way of food or liquids.
Stimulant abusers inevitably become malnourished due to dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and drastically reduced food intake. The consequences of such poor nutrition include, among other things:
- Problems with one’s mental health like depression and anxiety.
- Problems with thinking, such as muddled thinking and difficulty solving problems
- Changes in the normal rate and rhythm of the heart
- Lower body temperature
- Reduced muscle mass
- Weight loss
As the body adjusts to functioning without stimulants, it is common to experience a sudden increase in appetite that may result in overeating and further strain the already compromised digestive system. Recovering addicts who are part of a treatment program that places a premium on nutrition will be provided with a meal plan that includes nutritious options and is served in manageable portions.
Nutrition and Marijuana
The appetite-boosting effects of marijuana are well-documented. While this may help those with conditions such as cancer, it may be harmful to those who are otherwise healthy by encouraging them to overeat. Someone who is abusing marijuana is more likely to opt for high-calorie, high-sugar, high-salt foods that are associated with bingeing. Cholesterol rises from such a diet, which may eventually cause heart disease or even heart failure. Diabetes may also be a possible side effect. High cholesterol is not to be ignored. It can even lead to you having to go to a partial hospitalization program Florida in some cases.
The mental and physical toll of substance abuse and bad nutrition
Damage to the brain and body from addiction and poor diet can affect many body processes. The most severe cases are often seen with the usage of heavy drugs like meth or crack cocaine combined with poor eating. Patients in crack cocaine rehab programs usually have most of the symptoms.
Substance abuse and malnutrition on a chronic basis can cause:
- Deficient immune system
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Reduced muscle strength and mass
- Abnormal heart rhythm
- Lower body temperature
- Electrolyte imbalance
How do food and nutrition affect rehab for addictive behaviors?
Learning how nutrients function in the body is essential for comprehending the connection between eating well and sobriety and understanding the importance of nutrition in drug rehab. Micronutrients and macronutrients are two categories of essential nutrients. There are five micronutrient groups and three macronutrient groups. The body requires macronutrients, or large amounts of nutrients, on a daily basis. Consuming sufficient amounts of micronutrients is not as crucial to good health. Micronutrients like vitamins and minerals supplement your diet with the macronutrients like protein, fat, carbohydrates, and water.
There are 13 different vitamins necessary for human health. They can either dissolve in fat or in water. Some examples of vitamins that can be stored in fat: Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K. And the rest of them are water-soluble vitamins. Each of those is tremendously important. Vitamin deficiency can cause a number of serious problems. If your doctor finds that you need more of a certain vitamin, try your best to incorporate it into your everyday diet. Especially if you are going to a meth rehab Palm Beach program.
Vitamins and minerals are crucial to your health because they:
- Help the body’s immune system
- Increase calcium absorption and benefit your bones and teeth
- Preserve the integrity of the skin and the hair while also aiding in the metabolism of protein and carbohydrates
- Facilitate proper brain and nervous system operation
Proteins are commonly referred to as “the body’s building blocks.” Protein may be best known for its role in constructing muscle, but it is actually present in every type of cell in the body. Numerous amino acids come together to form proteins. While there are a few amino acids that your body can make on its own, the majority must come from what you eat. In order to function properly, the body requires a protein from a variety of sources.
3. Fatty Acids and Fat
In recent decades, fat has been stigmatized due to its links to obesity and poor health. While some fats are necessary for good health, others, like monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, should be avoided at all costs. Consuming adequate amounts of healthy fats is important for:
- Secretion of Hormones
- Clotting of blood
- The Role of Muscles
- Insulin’s role in blood sugar regulation
- Cognitive Processes
- Mineral and vitamin absorption
- The health of the immune system
Healthy fats should account for 20%-35% of your daily calorie intake, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025.
Carbohydrates, or “carbs,” are another type of nutrient that has been heavily reduced or eliminated by diet fads. In contrast, the brain and nervous system cannot function properly without carbohydrates. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends getting 45–65 percent of your daily calories from carbohydrates because of how vital they are too good health. It’s vital to tell the difference between complex carbohydrates and less-healthy simple ones. A diet for someone recovering from alcoholism or drug addiction should focus on consuming a lot of complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains and starchy vegetables, and very few simple sugars and processed flour.
While malnutrition can be tolerated for weeks, if not longer, dehydration is a much more immediate threat. About 60 percent of a healthy human body is water, and that water is essential for nearly every bodily process. Among the most crucial of these are the facilitation of brain function, the improvement of mood, the flushing out of toxins, and the transfer of nutrients between cells. In order to stay hydrated, adults should drink between 11.5 and 15.5 cups of water per day, as recommended by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
The Importance of Nutrition In Drug Rehab
The vast majority of effective rehab centers recognize the value of nutrition plans for their patients in recovery and offer them to their patients. One way to greatly enhance the treatment experience is to create a balanced and satisfying meal plan. Nutritional integration typically entails the following steps, though they may differ slightly between facilities:
1. Schedule an Appointment with a Health Care Provider
Patients are required to meet with a doctor during intake to go over their medical history and address any concerns they may have regarding their substance abuse. If both you and your partner have the same issues, it is recommended that you go to couples rehab Boynton Beach. The review ought to comprise a discussion of eating routines and weight that includes:
- Drug-induced weight gain includes but is not limited to opioids, benzodiazepines, and alcohol
- Weight loss caused by stimulants
- Inadequate nutrition due to dysfunctional organs or poor eating practices
- Substance abuse and comorbid eating disorders
2. Consult a Dietitian
The nutritionist in the program reviews the doctor’s notes to learn more about the patient’s specific dietary requirements. One consideration is the individual’s stress levels, which will likely be high due to the nature of the treatment itself. Overproduction of the stress hormone cortisol can deplete critical nutrients, such as, while the brain is working to re-balance itself after chronic drug and alcohol abuse. Once nutrient deficiencies are identified, the nutritionist can craft a meal plan to restore the client’s levels while still meeting the RDAs for the other six nutrients.
3. Create a Dietary Strategy
Creating a nutritional plan for those in recovery entails more than just picking out some healthy foods; it also requires figuring out what kind of schedule will work best with their other treatment activities. This also includes thinking about the client’s history with food and eating, including any eating disorders. A client who struggles with issues like binge eating may benefit more from limiting intake to three meals per day, and the plan’s flexibility may allow for snacking.
4. Put the Strategy into Action
Nutrition for alcoholics and addicts in recovery entails more than just identifying dietary requirements and providing healthy food. The client will develop healthy routines on their own with the help of a good nutrition plan, such as:
- Following set mealtimes
- Eat less fat and salt and pick healthier options
- Getting an adequate amount of fiber and whole grains
- Trying to stay away from sugar and caffeine
- Taking all necessary vitamin and mineral supplements on a consistent basis
Providing clients with the opportunity to develop healthy eating habits is crucial, particularly given the fact that food addiction can serve as a viable substitute for drug addiction. A quality addiction treatment program teaches patients to view food not as a source of temporary comfort but as a healthy tool for long-term sobriety by instilling an understanding of nutrition and encouraging healthy habits.
Effects of unsupervised withdrawal on nutrition
Detoxification is the first step in treating substance abuse disorders. Sadly, many people try to overcome their addiction to alcohol or drugs on their own, despite the fact that this strategy has a very low success rate. On your own, you will likely diminish the importance of nutrition in drug rehab. Most people who attempt to combat addiction on their own give up during the withdrawal phase, regardless of the substance involved or the person’s history of abuse.
Without medical supervision, withdrawal causes a wide range of unpleasant symptoms, some of which can have severe effects on health. The following are some of the nutritional consequences of drug withdrawal without medical supervision:
- Nausea and vomiting are common during withdrawal, and the inability to eat properly means that vital nutrients are lost before they can be absorbed.
- Many people either refuse to eat or are no longer interested in doing so, resulting in severe malnutrition and a general decline in health.
- Many people entering unsupervised withdrawal from alcohol or drugs are already dehydrated from prolonged use, and the dehydration will worsen without intervention.
Withdrawal management programs aim to keep patients as healthy as possible by administering medical care and, in some cases, medication, as they go through the process of detoxing from substances. Some people find that a steady supply of vitamins and fluids through an IV drip helps them make it through withdrawal and into treatment more easily.
To what extent do different insurance policies cover treatment for substance abuse?
Only a small percentage of people with alcohol and drug abuse problems in the United States actually get help. There are a number of barriers that could prevent someone from getting help for drug abuse. Cost is often cited as a barrier to treatment. Inpatient care is a common component of the lengthy treatment plan which is drug rehabilitation. However, substance abuse treatment is typically covered by medical insurance.
FMLA: The Family and Medical Leave Act was established by federal law in 1993. (FMLA). The law’s overarching goal was to find a middle ground between the demands of the modern workplace and the needs of workers and their families. So, is rehab covered by the FMLA? Yes, of course.
Tricare is a large health insurance program for active-duty military personnel and their families. These policies cover everything from preventative care to hospitalization, and that includes mental health services. However, does Tricare cover rehab? Without a doubt. There are over a hundred different medical conditions covered in this program.
Aetna offers a variety of healthcare options for individuals and families. In terms of mental health care, it provides exceptional assistance. But does Aetna cover drug rehab? The answer is yes. It has invested a great deal of time and money into it in recent years.
Cigna is another recognized insurance company. But does Cigna cover alcohol rehab? Cigna offers care for those recovering from both alcohol and drug dependency.
Blue Cross Blue Shield: This company offers low-cost, all-inclusive health coverage for a variety of medical procedures. But, does Blue Cross Blue Shield cover drug rehab? Total medical care is provided. Coverage for mental health issues like depression and drug addiction is also included.
The best nutrients for addiction-recovery
What kind of food should a recovering addict eat? Even though it may be challenging to achieve a healthy diet while undergoing medically supervised drug withdrawal, the following list of foods can help you get started on the road to recovery.
Poultry and fish
Tyrosine, an amino acid necessary for the synthesis of dopamine and norepinephrine, is present in foods like poultry and fish. Taking drugs hinders the body’s ability to process tyrosine, so eating more poultry and fish can improve one’s mood and overall health.
Consuming tofu is a great way to get the low-cal, low-fat protein you need to aid in liver repair after alcohol or drug use. Tofu’s low-fat content makes digestion easier on the liver, promoting faster recovery.
They are great because they are easy to carry around and they contain the amino acid tryptophan, which the body uses to make the sleep-inducing hormone serotonin. Additionally, bananas are rich in other essential nutrients like potassium, vitamin B6, and vitamin C.
Restoring your digestive system after prolonged substance abuse is crucial for optimizing nutrient absorption. Because of the probiotics, it contains, yogurt can aid in the restoration of a balanced microbiome in the digestive tract.
Addicts and alcoholics in recovery can benefit from including blueberries in their diet because they are rich in antioxidants, which strengthen the immune system and neutralize the excess of free radicals and other toxins caused by substance abuse.
They are an excellent source of essential vitamins, minerals, fiber, and other nutrients for human health. Various types of vegetables, including leafy greens like kale, cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, and starchy vegetables like potatoes, all contribute to restoring health after addiction.
The complex carbohydrates in whole grains help you feel full for a longer period of time, and the fiber they provide aids in the digestive system’s recovery. Whole-grain alternatives to refined flour products, such as bread and pasta, are widely available.
Now that you understand the importance of nutrition in drug rehab, we hope you’ll start eating cleaner. Finding the foods that support your sobriety and the ways in which you enjoy eating them is the most crucial aspect of nutrition for people in recovery from alcohol and drug dependency. If you don’t like kale raw but find that it’s much more enjoyable after being braised, that’s just one example. One of the best ways to fuel your recovery is to experiment within the bounds of healthy foods.