Drug addiction treatment is meant to aid addicted patients stop compulsive drug desire and make use of. Treatment can take place in a variety of settings, take many different forms, and last for different lengths of time. Because drug addiction is normally a chronic disorder characterized by occasional relapses, short-term, one-time treatment is normally not enough. For many, treatment is a long-term procedure that involves multiple treatments and regular monitoring.
There are a variety of evidence-based approaches to treating addiction. Drug addiction treatment could include behavioral treatment such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or contingency management, medications, or their combination. The specific form of therapy or combination of treatments may differ depending on the patient’s individual needs and, often, in the types of drugs they use.
Drug addiction treatment could include medications, behavioral therapies, or their combination.
Treatment medications, for example methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone including a new long-acting formulation, are available for individuals addicted to opioid, while nicotine preparations patches, gum, tablets, and nasal spray while the medications varenicline and bupropion are available for persons addicted to tobacco smoking. Disulfiram, acamprosate, and naltrexone are medications available for the treatment of alcohol dependence, which frequently co-occurs with other drug addictions, including addiction to prescription medications.
Drug addiction treatment for prescription drug abuse are like those for illegal drugs that affect the same brain systems. For buprenorphine, example, used to treat heroin addiction, could additionally be used to treat addiction to opioid pain medications. Addiction to prescription stimulants, that affect the same brain systems as illegal stimulants like cocaine, can be treated with behavioral therapies, because there are currently not medications for treating addiction to such forms of drugs.
Therapies for Behavior: Drug Addiction Treatment
Behavioral therapies will help motivate individuals to participate in drug addiction treatment, offer techniques for dealing with drug cravings, teach tips on how to avoid drugs and stop relapse, and help individuals deal with relapse if it occurs. Behavioral treatments will also help people get better communication, relationship, and parenting skills, and family dynamics.
Many treatment programs employ both individual and group therapies. Group treatment can provide social help and reinforcement enforce behavioral possibilities that promote abstinence and a non drug using lifestyle.
There are a few established behavioral treatments like contingency management and cognitive-behavioral therapy. They are adapted for group settings to improve cost-effectiveness and efficiency. In teenagers, there could also be a danger of unintended harmful or androgenic effects of group treatment.
At times group members particularly groups of highly delinquent youth could reinforce drug use and thereby derail the purpose associated with therapy. Therefore, experienced counselors should be aware of and observe for such side effects.